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Prepositions: A Comprehensive Guide for English Learners ans students.

介词:英语学习者综合指南​

Prepositions are tiny words, but they play a big role in the English language. They help us show relationships between different parts of a sentence. In this guide, we'll explore what prepositions are, why we use them, and how to use them correctly. We'll also dive into various types of prepositions with easy-to-follow examples.

What Are Prepositions?

A preposition is a word or group of words used before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, time, place, location, spatial relationships, or to introduce an object.

Why Use Prepositions?

Prepositions are essential for clear communication. They help us specify where something is, when something happened, or how things relate to each other. Without prepositions, our sentences would be confusing and incomplete.

How to Use Prepositions

Using prepositions correctly is simpler than it might seem. Let's break down the main types of prepositions and how to use them:

  1. Prepositions of Direction: These prepositions indicate movement from one place to another.

    • He walked toward the park.

    • The cat jumped over the fence.

  2. Prepositions of Time: These prepositions tell us when something happened.

    • We have a meeting at 3 PM.

    • They met on Monday.

  3. Prepositions of Extended Time: These prepositions express the duration of an action.

    • She studied for hours.

    • They've known each other since childhood.

  4. Prepositions of Place and Location: These prepositions describe where something is.

    • The book is on the table.

    • The store is across from the bakery.

  5. Prepositions Indicating Spatial Relationship: These prepositions explain how things are positioned in relation to each other.

    • The cat is between the two chairs.

    • The library is next to the school.

  6. Prepositions Following Verbs and Adjectives: Certain verbs and adjectives are often followed by specific prepositions. These combinations have unique meanings.

    • He apologized for his mistake.

    • She's afraid of spiders.

  7. Common Verb+Preposition Combinations: Some verb+preposition pairs are used frequently in English.

    • Look at: Please look at this picture.

    • Listen to: I like to listen to music.

    • Talk to: He wants to talk to the manager.

Remember that prepositions can change the meaning of a sentence, so choose them carefully.

Prepositions might be small words, but they make a big difference in how we express ourselves. By mastering the use of prepositions, you'll enhance your ability to convey information clearly and accurately in English. So, keep practicing and improving your preposition skills!

Lists of Prepositions:

Prepositions of Direction:

  • To

  • In

  • Into

  • On

  • Onto

Prepositions of Time:

  • In

  • At

  • On

Prepositions of Extended Time:

  • Since

  • For

  • By

  • During

  • From...to

  • From...until

  • With

  • Within

Prepositions of Place and Location:

  • In

  • At

  • On

  • Inside

Prepositions Indicating Spatial Relationship:

  • Above

  • Across

  • Against

  • Ahead of

  • Along

  • Among

  • Around

  • Behind

  • Below

  • Beneath

  • Beside

  • Between

  • From

  • In front of

  • Inside

  • Near

  • Off

  • Out of

  • Through

  • Toward

  • Under

  • Within

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